Michigan

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Michigan Compiled Law, Chapter 445

Initiated Law 1 of 1976, Beverage Containers

445.571 Definitions. [M.S.A. 18.1206(11)]

Sec. 1. As used in this act:

(a)"Beverage" means a soft drink, soda water, carbonated natural or mineral water, or other nonalcoholic carbonated drink; beer, ale, or other malt drink of whatever alcoholic content; or a mixed wine drink or a mixed spirit drink.

(b)"Beverage container" means an airtight metal, glass, paper, or plastic container, or a container composed of a combination of these materials, which, at the time of sale, contains 1 gallon or less of a beverage.

(c)"Empty returnable container" means a beverage container which contains nothing except the residue of its original contents.

(d)"Returnable container" means a beverage container upon which a deposit of at least

10 cents has been paid, or is required to be paid upon the removal of the container from the sale or consumption area, and for which a refund of at least 10 cents in cash is payable by every dealer or distributor in this state of that beverage in beverage containers, as further provided in section 2.

(e)"Nonreturnable container" means a beverage container upon which no deposit or a deposit of less than 10 cents has been paid, or is required to be paid upon the removal of the container from the sale or consumption area, or for which no cash refund or a refund of less than 10 cents is payable by a dealer or distributor in this state of that beverage in beverage containers, as further provided in section 2.

(f)"Person" means an individual, partnership, corporation, association, or other legal entity.

(g)"Dealer" means a person who sells or offers for sale to consumers within this state a beverage in a beverage container, including an operator of a vending machine containing a beverage in a beverage container.

(h)"Operator of a vending machine" means equally its owner, the person who refills it, and the owner or lessee of the property upon which it is located.

(i)"Distributor" means a person who sells beverages in beverage containers to a dealer within this state, and includes a manufacturer who engages in such sales.

(j)"Manufacturer" means a person who bottles, cans, or otherwise places beverages in beverage containers for sale to distributors, dealers, or consumers.

(k)"Within this state" means within the exterior limits of the state of Michigan, and includes the territory within these limits owned by or ceded to the United States of America.

(l)"Commission" means the Michigan liquor control commission.

(m)"Sale or consumption area" means the premises within the property of the dealer or of the dealer's lessor where the sale is made, within which beverages in returnable containers may be consumed without payment of a deposit, and, upon removing a beverage container from which, the customer is required by the dealer to pay the deposit.

(n)"Nonrefillable container" means a returnable container which is not intended to be refilled for sale by a manufacturer.

(o)"Mixed wine drink" means a drink or similar product marketed as a wine cooler and containing less than 7% alcohol by volume, consisting of wine and plain, sparkling, or carbonated water and containing any 1 or more of the following:

(i)Nonalcoholic beverages.

(ii)Flavoring.

(iii)Coloring materials.

(iv)Fruit juices.

(v)Fruit adjuncts.

(vi)Sugar.

(vii)Carbon dioxide.

(viii)Preservatives.

(p)"Mixed spirit drink" means a drink containing 10% or less alcohol by volume consisting of distilled spirits mixed with nonalcoholic beverages or flavoring or coloring materials and which may also contain water, fruit juices, fruit adjuncts, sugar, carbon dioxide, or preservatives; or any spirits based beverage, regardless of the percent of alcohol by volume, that is manufactured for sale in a metal container.

History: 1976, Initiated Law, Eff. Dec. 3, 1978;--Am. 1982, Act 39, Imd. Eff. Mar. 16, 1982;--Am. 1982, Act 266, Imd. Eff. Oct. 5, 1982;--Am. 1986, Act 235, Eff. June 1, 1989;--Am. 1989, Act 93, Imd. Eff. June 20, 1989

445.572.amended Nonreturnable containers; prohibitions; means for return and refund; regional redemption centers; acceptance of containers and payment of refunds; indicating refund value and name of state on container; exception; metal containers with detachable parts prohibited; deposit previously refunded; refund upon reuse; maximum daily refund; agreement on deposit; refund by manufacturer.

Sec. 2. (1)A dealer within this state shall not sell, offer for sale, or give to a consumer a nonreturnable container or a beverage in a nonreturnable container.

(2)A dealer who regularly sells beverages for consumption off the dealer's premises shall provide on the premises, or within 100 yards of the premises on which the dealer sells or offers for sale a beverage in a returnable container, a convenient means whereby the containers of any kind, size, and brand sold or offered for sale by the dealer may be returned by, and the deposit refunded in cash to, a person whether or not the person is the original customer of that dealer, and whether or not the container was sold by that dealer.

(3)Regional centers for the redemption of returnable containers may be established, in addition to but not as substitutes for, the means established for refunds of deposits prescribed in subsection (2).

(4)Except as provided in subsections (5) and (7), a dealer shall accept from a person an empty returnable container of any kind, size, and brand sold or offered for sale by that dealer and pay to that person its full refund value in cash.

(5)A dealer who does not require a deposit on a returnable container when the contents are consumed in the dealer's sale or consumption area is not required to pay a refund for accepting that empty container.

(6)Except as provided in subsection (7), a distributor shall accept from a dealer an empty returnable container of any kind, size, and brand sold or offered for sale by that distributor and pay to the dealer its full refund value in cash.

(7)Each beverage container sold or offered for sale by a dealer within this state shall clearly indicate by embossing or by a stamp, a label, or other method securely affixed to the beverage container, the refund value of the container and the name of this state. A dealer or distributor may, but is not required to, refuse to accept from a person an empty returnable container which does not state on the container the refund value of the container and the name of this state. This subsection does not apply to a refillable container having a refund value of not less than 10 cents, having a brand name permanently marked on it, and having a securely affixed method of indicating that it is a returnable container.

(8)A dealer within this state shall not sell, offer for sale, or give to consumers a metal beverage container, any part of which becomes detached when opened.

(9)A person, dealer, distributor, or manufacturer shall not return an empty container to a dealer for a refund of the deposit if a dealer has already refunded the deposit on that returnable container. This subsection does not prohibit a dealer from refunding the deposit on an empty returnable container each time the returnable container is sanitized by the manufacturer and reused as a beverage container.

(10)A dealer may accept, but is not required to accept, from a person, empty returnable containers for a refund in excess of $25.00 on any given day.

(11)A manufacturer licensed by the commission shall not require a distributor licensed by the commission to pay a deposit to the manufacturer on a nonrefillable container. However, a manufacturer licensed by the commission and a distributor licensed by the commission may enter into an agreement providing that either or both may originate a deposit or any portion of a deposit on a nonrefillable container if the agreement is entered into freely and without coercion.

(12)A manufacturer shall refund the deposit paid on any container returned by a distributor for which a deposit has been paid by a distributor to the manufacturer.

(13)Subsections (4), (6), and (7) apply only to a returnable container that was originally sold in this state as a filled returnable container.

History: 1976, Initiated Law, Eff. Dec. 3, 1978;--Am. 1977, Act 270, Eff. Mar. 30, 1978;--Am. 1982, Act 39, Imd. Eff. Mar. 16, 1982;--Am. 1982, Act 266, Imd. Eff. Oct. 5, 1982;--Am. 1986, Act 235, Eff. June 1, 1989;--Am. 1998, Act 473, Eff. Apr. 1, 1999

445.572a Designated metal, glass, or plastic containers; sale or offer of sale of certain beverages; requirements; violations; definitions.

Sec. 2a.

(1) Except as provided in subsection (2), beginning 90 days after the effective date of the amendatory act that added this section, a manufacturer of nonalcoholic beverages shall not sell, offer for sale, or give a nonalcoholic beverage to a consumer, dealer, or distributor in this state in a 12-ounce metal beverage container that is not a designated metal container if either of the following is met:

(a) Sales of that brand of beverage in 12-ounce metal beverage containers in this state in the preceding calendar year were at least 500,000 cases, as determined by the department of treasury.

(b) Sales of that brand of beverage in 12-ounce metal beverage containers in this state in the preceding calendar year were fewer than 500,000 cases, and 12-ounce metal beverage containers of that brand of beverage were overredeemed by more than 600,000 containers in the preceding calendar year, as determined by the department of treasury.

(2) Beginning 90 days after the effective date of the amendatory act that added this section, a manufacturer of nonalcoholic beverages shall not sell, offer for sale, or give a nonalcoholic beverage to a consumer, dealer, or distributor in the Upper Peninsula in a 12-ounce metal beverage container that is not a designated metal container if either of the following is met:

(a) Sales of that brand of beverage in 12-ounce metal beverage containers in the Upper Peninsula were at least 500,000 cases, as determined by the department of treasury.

(b) Sales of that brand of beverage in 12-ounce metal beverage containers in the Upper Peninsula in the preceding calendar year were fewer than 500,000 cases, and 12-ounce metal beverage containers of that brand of beverage were overredeemed in the Upper Peninsula by more than 600,000 containers in the preceding calendar year, as determined by the department of treasury.

(3) Except as provided in subsection (4), beginning 450 days after the effective date of the amendatory act that added this section, a manufacturer of nonalcoholic beverages shall not sell, offer for sale, or give a nonalcoholic beverage to a consumer, dealer, or distributor in this state in a 12-ounce glass beverage container that is not a designated glass container if either of the following is met:

(a) Sales of that brand of beverage in 12-ounce glass beverage containers in this state in the preceding calendar year were at least 500,000 cases, as determined by the department of treasury.

(b) Sales of that brand of beverage in 12-ounce glass beverage containers in this state in the preceding calendar year were fewer than 500,000 cases, and 12-ounce glass beverage containers of that brand of beverage were overredeemed by more than 600,000 containers in the preceding calendar year, as determined by the department of treasury.

(4) Beginning 450 days after the effective date of the amendatory act that added this section, a manufacturer of nonalcoholic beverages shall not sell, offer for sale, or give a nonalcoholic beverage to a consumer, dealer, or distributor in the Upper Peninsula in a 12-ounce glass beverage container that is not a designated glass container if either of the following is met:

(a) Sales of that brand of beverage in 12-ounce glass beverage containers in the Upper Peninsula were at least 500,000 cases, as determined by the department of treasury.

(b) Sales of that brand of beverage in 12-ounce glass beverage containers in the Upper Peninsula in the preceding calendar year were fewer than 500,000 cases, and 12-ounce glass beverage containers of that brand of beverage were overredeemed in the Upper Peninsula by more than 600,000 containers in the preceding calendar year, as determined by the department of treasury.

(5) Except as provided in subsection (6), beginning 450 days after the effective date of the amendatory act that added this section, a manufacturer of nonalcoholic beverages shall not sell, offer for sale, or give a nonalcoholic beverage to a consumer, dealer, or distributor in this state in a 20-ounce plastic beverage container that is not a designated plastic container if either of the following is met:

(a) Sales of that brand of beverage in 20-ounce plastic beverage containers in this state in the preceding calendar year were at least 500,000 cases, as determined by the department of treasury.

(b) Sales of that brand of beverage in 20-ounce plastic beverage containers in this state in the preceding calendar year were fewer than 500,000 cases, and 20-ounce plastic beverage containers of that brand of beverage were overredeemed by more than 600,000 containers in the preceding calendar year, as determined by the department of treasury.

(6) Beginning 450 days after the effective date of the amendatory act that added this section, a manufacturer of nonalcoholic beverages shall not sell, offer for sale, or give a nonalcoholic beverage to a consumer, dealer, or distributor in the Upper Peninsula in a 20-ounce plastic beverage container that is not a designated plastic container if either of the following is met:

(a) Sales of that brand of beverage in 20-ounce plastic beverage containers in the Upper Peninsula were at least 500,000 cases, as determined by the department of treasury.

(b) Sales of that brand of beverage in 20-ounce plastic beverage containers in the Upper Peninsula in the preceding calendar year were fewer than 500,000 cases, and 20-ounce plastic beverage containers of that brand of beverage were overredeemed in the Upper Peninsula by more than 600,000 containers in the preceding calendar year, as determined by the department of treasury.

(7) Beginning 90 days after the effective date of the amendatory act that added this section, a manufacturer of alcoholic beverages shall not sell, offer for sale, or give an alcoholic beverage to a consumer, dealer, or distributor in this state in a 12-ounce metal beverage container that is not a designated metal container if either of the following is met:

(a) Sales of that brand of beverage in this state in the preceding calendar year were at least 500,000 case equivalents, as determined by the department of treasury.

(b) Sales of that brand of beverage in this state in the preceding calendar year were fewer than 500,000 case equivalents, and beverage containers of that brand of beverage were overredeemed by more than 600,000 containers in the preceding calendar year, as determined by the department of treasury.

(8) Beginning 450 days after the effective date of the amendatory act that added this section, a manufacturer of alcoholic beverages shall not sell, offer for sale, or give an alcoholic beverage to a consumer, dealer, or distributor in this state in a 12-ounce glass beverage container that is not a designated glass container if either of the following is met:

(a) Sales of that brand of beverage in this state in the preceding calendar year were at least 500,000 case equivalents, as determined by the department of treasury.

(b) Sales of that brand of beverage in this state in the preceding calendar year were fewer than 500,000 case equivalents, and beverage containers of that brand of beverage were overredeemed by more than 600,000 containers in the preceding calendar year, as determined by the department of treasury.

(9) Beginning 450 days after the effective date of the amendatory act that added this section, a manufacturer of alcoholic beverages shall not sell, offer for sale, or give an alcoholic beverage to a consumer, dealer, or distributor in this state in a 20-ounce plastic beverage container that is not a designated plastic container if either of the following is met:

(a) Sales of that brand of beverage in this state in the preceding calendar year were at least 500,000 case equivalents, as determined by the department of treasury.

(b) Sales of that brand of beverage in this state in the preceding calendar year were fewer than 500,000 case equivalents, and beverage containers of that brand of beverage were overredeemed by more than 600,000 containers in the preceding calendar year, as determined by the department of treasury.

(10) A symbol, mark, or other distinguishing characteristic that is placed on a designated metal container, designated glass container, or designated plastic container by a manufacturer to allow a reverse vending machine to determine if that container is a returnable container must be unique to this state, or used only in this state and 1 or more other states that have laws substantially similar to this act.

(11) A person that violates this section is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than 180 days or a fine of not more than $2,000.00, or both. Section 4 does not apply to a violation described in this subsection.

(12) As used in this section:

(a) "Alcoholic beverage" means beer, ale, any other malt drink of whatever alcoholic content, a mixed wine drink, or a mixed spirit drink.

(b) "Brand" means any word, name, group of letters, symbol, or trademark, or any combination of them, adopted and used by a manufacturer to identify a specific flavor or type of beverage and to distinguish that flavor or type of beverage from another beverage produced or marketed by that manufacturer or another manufacturer.

(c) "Designated glass container" means a 12-ounce glass beverage container that contains a symbol, mark, or other distinguishing characteristic that allows a reverse vending machine to determine if the beverage container is or is not a returnable container.

(d) "Designated metal container" means a 12-ounce metal beverage container that contains a symbol, mark, or other distinguishing characteristic that allows a reverse vending machine to determine if the beverage container is or is not a returnable container.

(e) "Designated plastic container" means a 20-ounce plastic beverage container that contains a symbol, mark, or other distinguishing characteristic that allows a reverse vending machine to determine if the beverage container is or is not a returnable container.

(f) "Glass beverage container" means a beverage container composed primarily of glass.

(g) "Metal beverage container" means a beverage container composed primarily of metal.

(h) "Nonalcoholic beverage" means a soft drink, soda water, carbonated natural or mineral water, or other nonalcoholic carbonated drink.

(i) "Plastic beverage container" means a beverage container composed primarily of plastic.

(j) "Reverse vending machine" means a device designed to properly identify and process empty beverage containers and provide a means for a deposit refund on returnable containers.

445.573 Certification of beverage containers. [M.S.A. 18.1206(13)]

Sec. 3. (1)To promote the use in this state of reusable beverage containers of uniform design, and to facilitate the return of containers to manufacturers for reuse as a beverage container, the commission shall certify beverage containers which satisfy the requirements of this section.

(2)A beverage container shall be certified if:

(a)It is reusable as a beverage container by more than 1 manufacturer in the ordinary course of business.

(b)More than 1 manufacturer will in the ordinary course of business accept the beverage container for reuse as a beverage container and pay the refund value of the container.

(3)The commission shall not certify more than 1 beverage container of a particular manufacturer in each size classification. The commission shall by rule establish appropriate size classifications in accordance with the purposes set forth in subsection (1), each of which shall include a size range of at least 3 liquid ounces.

(4)A beverage container shall not be certified under this section:

(a)If by reason of its shape or design, or by reason of words or symbols permanently inscribed thereon, whether by engraving, embossing, painting, or other permanent method, it is reusable as a beverage container in the ordinary course of business only by a manufacturer of a beverage sold under a specific brand name.

(b)If the commission finds that its use by more than 1 manufacturer is not of sufficient volume to promote the purposes set forth in subsection (1).

(5)Unless an application for certification under this section is denied by the commission within 60 days after the application is filed, the beverage container shall be deemed certified.

(6)The commission may at any time review certification of a beverage container. If, upon the review, after written notice and hearing afforded to the person who filed the original application for certification of the beverage container under this section, the commission determines that the beverage container is no longer qualified for certification, it shall withdraw certification. Withdrawal of certification shall be effective on a date specified by the commission, but not less than 30 days after written notice to the person who filed the original application for certification of the beverage container under this section, and to the manufacturer referred to in subsection (2).

History: 1976, Initiated Law, Eff. Dec. 3, 1978

445.573a Report; filing; form and contents. [M.S.A. 18.1206(13a)]

Sec. 3a. (1)Not later than March 1, 1991 and not later than March 1 of each year thereafter, a distributor or manufacturer who originates a deposit on a beverage container shall file a report with the department of treasury containing the information required by subsection (2).

(2)The report required to be filed pursuant to subsection (1) shall indicate for the period of January 1, 1990 to December 31, 1990, and for the time period of January 1 to December 31 of each year thereafter, the dollar value of both the total deposits collected by the distributor or manufacturer on beverage containers sold within this state and total refunds made upon beverage containers redeemed by the distributor or manufacturer within this state.

(3)The reports required to be filed pursuant to subsection (1) shall be similar to the following and contain the following information:

REPORT

DEPOSITS ORIGINATED AND REFUNDS GRANTED ON BEVERAGE CONTAINERS

Reporting Period:

Company Name:

Company Address:

Number and Street

City, State, Zip

$

- $

= $

(Value of Deposits Originated)

(Value of Refunds Made)

(Difference)

$

- $

= $

(Difference)

(Overredemption credit, if applicable)

(Amount owed to department of treasury)

The undersigned states that the above information is true and accurate.

Signature - Owner or President

Date

History: Add. 1989, Act 148, Eff. July 27, 1989

445.573b.amended Unclaimed bottle deposits; audit, assessment, and collection by department of treasury; payment by underredeemer; overredemption credit; applying credit against prior years; definitions; report.

Sec. 3b. (1)The department of treasury may audit, assess, and collect the amount of money reflecting unclaimed bottle deposits owed to this state, and enforce the obligation to pay the amount of money reflecting unclaimed bottle deposits owed to this state, in the same manner as revenues and according to the provisions of 1941 PA 122, MCL 205.1 to 205.31.

(2)Not later than March 1, 1991 and not later than March 1 of each year thereafter, an underredeemer shall pay to the department of treasury that amount of money by which its annual total value of deposits exceeds its annual total value of refunds made on redeemed beverage containers, subject to the overredemption credit contained in this section.

(3)After March 1, 1991, an underredeemer who becomes an overredeemer in a subsequent year may credit the value of the overredemption in order to reduce the amount of money owed to the department of treasury under this section in 1 or more subsequent years as a result of that person again becoming an underredeemer. The value of the overredemption may be carried forward for not more than 3 years or until the credit granted in this section is completely depleted, whichever occurs first.

(4)A manufacturer who no longer originates deposits may carry the value of an overredemption back for prior years in order to utilize its credit, and reduce the amount of underredemption owed to the department of treasury under this section on a 1-time basis only. Utilization of this 1-time credit may be applied against underredemption amounts owed for reporting years commencing in 1990.

(5)As used in this section:

(a)"Overredeemer" means a distributor or manufacturer whose annual total value of deposits collected on beverage containers sold within this state is less than the annual total value of refunds made upon beverage containers redeemed within this state.

(b)"Underredeemer" means a distributor or manufacturer whose annual total value of

deposits collected on beverage containers sold within this state exceeds annual total value of refunds made upon beverage containers redeemed within this state.

(6)In addition to the report prescribed in section 3a, if an underredeemer purchases empty returnable containers from an overredeemer, that purchase shall be reported by the underredeemer as a "refund made" and shall be reported by the overredeemer as a "deposit originated" in the report prescribed by section 3a. The report made by an underredeemer shall include the name and address of each overredeemer and the refund value of the empty returnable beverage containers purchased from each overredeemer. The report made by an overredeemer shall include the name and address of each underredeemer who purchased the returnable containers from that overredeemer and the refund value of the empty returnable beverage containers sold. The total consideration paid by an underredeemer to an overredeemer as authorized by this subsection shall equal the redemption value of the container.

(7)A purchase or sale made under subsection (6) during January of each year shall be included in the report for the previous calendar year only.

History: Add. 1989, Act 148, Eff. July 27, 1989;--Am. 1996, Act 384, Imd. Eff. July 24, 1996;--Am. 1998, Act 473, Eff. Apr. 1, 1999

445.573c Bottle deposit fund; creation; administration; deposits; annual disbursement; report of information; rules. [M.S.A. 18.1206(13c)]

Sec. 3c. (1)There is created in the department of treasury a bottle deposit fund which is a revolving fund administered by the department of treasury. The money in the bottle deposit fund shall not revert to the general fund.

(2)The amount paid to the department of treasury by underredeemers shall be deposited by the department of treasury in the bottle deposit fund created in subsection (1) for annual disbursement by the department of treasury in the following manner:

(a)Seventy-five percent to the cleanup and redevelopment trust fund created in section 3e.

(b)Twenty-five percent to dealers to be apportioned to each dealer on the basis of the number of empty returnable containers handled by a dealer as determined by the department of treasury.

(3)Not later than June 1 of each year, the department of treasury shall publish and make available to the public information related to section 3b(1) and send a report of that information to the legislature.

(4)The department of treasury may promulgate rules to implement sections 3a to 3d pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969, Act No. 306 of the Public Acts of 1969, being sections 24.201 to 24.328 of the Michigan Compiled Laws, if the department of treasury determines that rules are needed to properly implement and administer sections 3a to 3d.

History: Add. 1989, Act 148, Eff. July 27, 1989;--Am. 1996, Act 73, Imd. Eff. Feb. 26, 1996;--Am. 1996, Act 384, Imd. Eff. July 24, 1996

445.573d Unclaimed deposits. [M.S.A. 18.1206(13d)]

Sec. 3d. Unclaimed deposits on returnable containers are considered to be the property of the person purchasing the returnable container and are not the property of the distributor or manufacturer who originated the deposit.

History: Add. 1989, Act 148, Eff. July 27, 1989

445.573e Cleanup and redevelopment fund. [M.S.A. 18.1206(13e)]

Sec. 3e. (1)The cleanup and redevelopment trust fund is created within the state treasury.

(2)The state treasurer may receive money or other assets from any source for deposit into the trust fund. The state treasurer shall direct the investment of the trust fund. The state treasur er shall credit to the trust fund interest and earnings from fund investments.

(3)Money in the trust fund at the close of the fiscal year shall remain in the trust fund and shall not lapse to the general fund.

(4)The state treasurer shall annually disburse the following amounts from the trust fund:

(a)For each of the state fiscal years 1996-1997, 1997-1998, and 1998-1999, up to $15,000,000.00 each year of money in the trust fund to the cleanup and redevelopment fund created in section 20108 of part 201 (environmental remediation) of the natural resources and environmental protection act, Act No. 451 of the Public Acts of 1994, being section 324.20108 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.

(b)In addition to the disbursements under subdivision (a), each state fiscal year, 80% of the revenues received by the trust fund from disbursements under section 3c to the cleanup and redevelopment fund and 10% to the community pollution prevention fund created in section 3f.

(5)All money in the trust fund that is not disbursed pursuant to subsection (4) shall remain in the trust fund until the trust fund reaches an accumulated principal of $200,000,000.00. After the trust fund reaches an accumulated principal of $200,000,000.00, interest and earnings of the trust fund only shall be expended, upon appropriation, for the purposes specified in section 20113(4) of part 201 (environmental remediation) of the natural resources and environmental protection act, Act No. 451 of the Public Acts of 1994, being section 324.20113 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.

(6)As used in this section, "trust fund" means the cleanup and redevelopment trust fund created in subsection (1).

History: Add. 1996, Act 384, Imd. Eff. July 24, 1996

445.573f Community pollution prevention fund. [M.S.A. 18.1206(13f)]

Sec. 3f. (1)The community pollution prevention fund is created within the state treasury.

(2)The state treasurer may receive money or other assets from any source for deposit into the community pollution prevention fund. The state treasurer shall direct the investment of the community pollution prevention fund. The state treasurer shall credit to the community pollution prevention fund interest and earnings from fund investments.

(3)Money in the community pollution prevention fund at the close of the fiscal year shall remain in the community pollution prevention fund and shall not lapse to the general fund.

(4)The department of environmental quality shall expend interest and earnings of the community pollution prevention fund only, upon appropriation, for grants for the purpose of preventing pollution, with an emphasis on the prevention of groundwater contamination and resulting risks to the public health, ecological risks, and public and private cleanup costs. The department of environmental quality shall enter into contractual agreements with grant recipients, who shall include county governments, local health departments, municipalities, and regional planning agencies. Activities to be performed by grant recipients and program objectives and deliverables shall be specified in the contractual agreements. Grant recipients shall provide a financial match of not less than 25% nor more than 50%. Not more than $100,000.00 may be granted in any fiscal year to a single recipient. Eligible pollution prevention activities include all of the following:

(a)Drinking water wellhead protection, including the delineation of wellhead protection areas and implementation of wellhead protection plans pursuant to the safe drinking water act, Act No. 399 of the Public Acts of 1976, being sections 325.1001 to 325.1023 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.

(b)The review of pollution incident prevention plans prepared by, and the inspection of, facilities whose storage or handling of hazardous materials may pose a risk to the groundwater.

(c)The identification and plugging of abandoned wells other than oil and gas wells.

(d)Programs to educate the general public and businesses that use or handle hazardous materials on pollution prevention methods, technologies, and processes, with an emphasis on the direct reduction of toxic material releases or disposal at the source.

(5)The department of environmental quality shall annually prepare a report summarizing the grants made under this section, contractual commitments made and achieved, and a preliminary evaluation of the effectiveness of this section not later than September 30, 1997, and September 30 of each year thereafter, and shall provide a copy of this report to the chairs of the house and senate appropriations subcommittees for the department of environmental quality.

History: Add. 1996, Act 384, Imd. Eff. July 24, 1996

445.574.law Violation; penalty; separate offense.

Sec. 4. A person, dealer, distributor, or manufacturer who violates this act shall be fined not less than $100.00 nor more than $1,000.00 and costs of prosecution. Every day a violation occurs is a separate offense.

History: 1976, Initiated Law, Eff. Dec. 3, 1978;--Am. 1982, Act 39, Imd. Eff. Mar. 16, 1982

445.574a Prohibited return to dealer, distributor, or manufacturer; violation; penalty; exceptions; restitution; action brought by attorney general or county prosecutor.

Sec. 4a.

(1) A person shall not return or attempt to return to a dealer for a refund 1 or more of the following:

(a) A beverage container that the person knows or should know was not purchased in this state as a filled returnable container.

(b) A beverage container that the person knows or should know did not have a deposit paid for it at the time of purchase.

(2) A person who violates subsection (1) is subject to 1 of the following:

(a) If the person returns 25 or more but not more than 100 nonreturnable containers, the person may be ordered to pay a civil fine of not more than $100.00.

(b) If the person returns more than 100 but fewer than 10,000 nonreturnable containers, or violates subdivision (a) for a second or subsequent time, the person is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than 93 days or a fine of not more than $1,000.00, or both.

(c) If the person returns more than 100 but fewer than 10,000 nonreturnable containers for a second or subsequent time, the person is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than 1 year or a fine of not more than $2,000.00, or both.

(d) If the person returns 10,000 or more nonreturnable containers, the person is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment for not more than 5 years or a fine of not more than $5,000.00, or both.

(3) A dealer shall not knowingly accept from and pay a deposit to a person for a nonreturnable container or knowingly deliver a nonreturnable container to a distributor for a refund. A dealer that violates this subsection is subject to 1 of the following:

(a) If the dealer knowingly accepts from and pays a deposit on 25 or more but not more than 100 nonreturnable containers to a person, or knowingly delivers 25 or more but not more than 100 nonreturnable containers to a distributor for a refund, the dealer may be ordered to pay a civil fine of not more than $100.00.

(b) If the dealer knowingly accepts from and pays a deposit on more than 100 but fewer than 10,000 nonreturnable containers to a person, or knowingly delivers more than 100 but fewer than 10,000 nonreturnable containers to a distributor for a refund, the dealer is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than 93 days or a fine of not more than $1,000.00, or both.

(c) If the dealer knowingly accepts from and pays a deposit on more than 100 but fewer than 10,000 nonreturnable containers to a person, or knowingly delivers more than 100 but fewer than 10,000 nonreturnable containers to a distributor for a refund, for a second or subsequent time, the dealer is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than 1 year or a fine of not more than $2,000.00, or both.

(d) If the dealer knowingly accepts from and pays a deposit on 10,000 or more nonreturnable containers to a person, or knowingly delivers 10,000 or more nonreturnable containers to a distributor for a refund, the dealer is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment for not more than 5 years or a fine of not more than $5,000.00, or both.

(4) A distributor shall not knowingly accept from and pay a deposit to a dealer for a nonreturnable container or knowingly deliver a nonreturnable container to a manufacturer for a refund. A distributor that violates this subsection is subject to 1 of the following:

(a) If the distributor knowingly accepts from and pays a deposit on 25 or more but not more than 100 nonreturnable containers to a dealer, or knowingly delivers 25 or more but not more than 100 nonreturnable containers to a manufacturer for a refund, the distributor may be ordered to pay a civil fine of not more than $100.00.

(b) If the distributor knowingly accepts from and pays a deposit on more than 100 but fewer than 10,000 nonreturnable containers to a dealer, or knowingly delivers more than 100 but fewer than 10,000 nonreturnable containers to a manufacturer for a refund, the distributor is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than 93 days or a fine of not more than $1,000.00, or both.

(c) If the distributor knowingly accepts from and pays a deposit on more than 100 but fewer than 10,000 nonreturnable containers to a dealer, or knowingly delivers more than 100 but fewer than 10,000 nonreturnable containers to a manufacturer for a refund, for a second or subsequent time, the distributor is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than 1 year or a fine of not more than $2,000.00, or both.

(d) If the distributor knowingly accepts from and pays a deposit on 10,000 or more nonreturnable containers to a dealer, or knowingly delivers 10,000 or more nonreturnable containers to a manufacturer for a refund, the distributor is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment for not more than 5 years or a fine of not more than $5,000.00, or both.

(5) A dealer or distributor does not violate subsection (3) or (4) if all of the following conditions are met:

(a) An employee of the dealer or distributor commits an act that violates subsection (3) or (4).

(b) At the time the employee commits the act that violates subsection (3) or (4), the dealer or distributor had in force a written policy prohibiting its employees from knowingly redeeming nonreturnable containers.

(c) The dealer or distributor did not or should not have known of the employee's act in violation of subsection (3) or (4).

(6) In addition to the penalty described in this section, the court shall order a person found guilty of a misdemeanor or felony under this section to pay restitution equal to the amount of loss caused by the violation.

(7) The attorney general or a county prosecutor may bring an action to recover a civil fine under this section. A civil fine imposed under this section is payable to this state and shall be credited to the general fund.


History: Add. 1998, Act 473, Eff. Apr. 1, 1999 ;-- Am. 2008, Act 384, Eff. Mar. 31, 2009

445.574b Posting notice on dealer's premises; failure to comply; penalty.

Sec. 4b.

(1) In that portion of the dealer's premises where returnable containers are redeemed, a dealer shall post a notice that says substantially the following: "A person who returns out-of-state nonreturnable containers for a refund is subject to penalties of up to 5 years in jail, a fine of $5,000.00, and restitution.".

(2) A dealer who fails to comply with this section is subject to a civil fine of not more than $50.00.
History: Add. 1998, Act 473, Eff. Apr. 1, 1999 ;-- Am. 2008, Act 385, Eff. Mar. 31, 2009

445.575 Repeal of {Sect} 445.191. [M.S.A. 18.1206(15)]

Sec. 5. Act No. 142 of the Public Acts of 1971, being section 445.191 of the Compiled Laws of 1970, is repealed.

History: 1976, Initiated Law, Eff. Dec. 3, 1978

445.576 Effective date. [M.S.A. 18.1206(16)]

Sec. 6. This act shall take effect two years after it becomes law.

History: 1976, Initiated Law, Eff. Dec. 3, 1978

445.631 Short title.

Sec. 1.

This act shall be known and may be cited as the "beverage container redemption antifraud act".


History: 2008, Act 388, Imd. Eff. Dec. 29, 2008

445.633 Definitions.

Sec. 3.

As used in this act:

(a) "Beverage container law" means 1976 IL 1, MCL 445.571 to 445.576.

(b) "Dealer" means that term as defined in section 1 of the beverage container law, MCL 445.571.

(c) "Department" means the department of treasury.

(d) "Designated glass container", "designated metal container", and "designated plastic container" mean those terms as defined in the reverse vending machine antifraud act.

(e) "Fund" means the beverage container redemption antifraud fund created in section 7.

(f) "Install vision technology" means to equip an existing, new, or replacement reverse vending machine with vision technology for designated metal, plastic, or glass containers, including all reasonable and necessary technology, equipment, hardware, software, and labor, and 1 year of service directly related to the vision technology by the reverse vending machine vendor.

(g) "Overredeemer" means that term as defined in section 3b of the beverage container law, MCL 445.573b.

(h) "Retrofit" means to install vision technology for designated metal, plastic, or glass beverage containers in an existing, new, or replacement reverse vending machine.

(i) "Reverse vending machine" means that term as defined in the reverse vending machine antifraud act.

(j) "Reverse vending machine manufacturer" means that term as defined in the reverse vending machine antifraud act.

(k) "Vision technology" means that term as defined in the reverse vending machine antifraud act.


History: 2008, Act 388, Imd. Eff. Dec. 29, 2008

445.635 Retrofit of reverse vending machines; payment to reverse vending machine manufacturers; application for payment; acceptance as full payment; proof of completion; conditions for requiring installation or retrofitting of reverse vending machines.

Sec. 5.

(1) The department shall pay reverse vending machine manufacturers to retrofit reverse vending machines to comply with the reverse vending machine antifraud act.

(2) A reverse vending machine manufacturer that has agreed to retrofit a dealer's reverse vending machines to comply with the reverse vending machine antifraud act shall submit a written application to the department for payment to retrofit the dealer's reverse vending machines. All of the following apply to the application for payment described in this subsection:

(a) The department shall prescribe the form of the application.

(b) A reverse vending machine manufacturer may only submit an application for retrofitting a dealer's reverse vending machines and receive payment under this act if the dealer is required to retrofit those reverse vending machines under the reverse vending machine antifraud act.

(c) An application submitted to the department shall include all of the following:

(i) Contact information for the reverse vending machine manufacturer, the number of reverse vending machines to be retrofitted by the manufacturer, the serial numbers of those machines, where those machines are located, the name and contact information of the dealer that owns or leases those machines, a copy of the dealer's purchase order for the retrofitting of those machines, the street address and county where those machines will be in operation after they are retrofitted, and any other information required by the department.

(ii) The total cost of retrofitting each reverse vending machine described in the application to install vision technology.

(iii) The signature of a designated agent of the reverse vending machine manufacturer, certifying that all of the contents of the application are correct.

(iv) The signature of a designated agent of the dealer whose reverse vending machines are to be retrofitted by the reverse vending machine manufacturer, certifying that all of the contents of the application are correct.

(d) A reverse vending machine manufacturer shall submit a separate application for each location where a dealer operates reverse vending machines.

(3) A reverse vending machine manufacturer that receives payment under this act for retrofitting a reverse vending machine manufacturer shall accept that payment as full payment for the retrofitting of that machine.

(4) When a reverse vending machine manufacturer completes the retrofitting of the reverse vending machine at a dealer's location, the reverse vending machine manufacturer shall submit proof to the department, in a form and manner prescribed by the department and signed by a designated agent of the dealer, that the retrofitting is complete.

(5) The department shall not require that a dealer or reverse vending machine manufacturer retrofit a reverse vending machine to meet the dealer requirements imposed in section 7(1) or 9(1) of the reverse vending machine antifraud act unless the department first establishes under this act that the dealer must install or retrofit the reverse vending machines at a retail location in order to meet the requirements of section 7(1) or 9(1) of the reverse vending machine antifraud act and makes money available for that retrofit under this act.


History: 2008, Act 388, Imd. Eff. Dec. 29, 2008

445.636 Establishment of new retail store in county bordering another state or in Lower Peninsula contiguous with county bordering another state; installation of vision technology; requirements.

Sec. 6.

(1) If a dealer establishes a new retail store in a county of this state that borders another state, or in a county in the Lower Peninsula that is contiguous with a county of this state that borders another state, and acquires new reverse vending machines for use in that store, the department shall pay the reverse vending machine manufacturer to install vision technology in those new reverse vending machines that meets the requirements of the reverse vending machine antifraud act.

(2) All of the following apply if a dealer purchases new reverse vending machines from a reverse vending machine manufacturer for use in a new retail store in a county described in subsection (1):

(a) The reverse vending machine manufacturer shall submit an application for payment in the form prescribed by the department. The reverse vending machine manufacturer shall include with the application a copy of the dealer's purchase order for the new reverse vending machines.

(b) A reverse vending machine manufacturer may not apply money received under this subsection to the purchase price of a new reverse vending machine that does not meet the requirements of the reverse vending machine antifraud act.

(c) The dealer shall operate the new reverse vending machine at the retail store for which it was acquired. However, if the dealer ceases retail sale of beverages in beverage containers at that new store, the dealer may move that reverse vending machine to another location and operate the reverse vending machine at that different location.

(d) The amount of a payment to a reverse vending machine manufacturer under this section shall not exceed that part of the price of the new reverse vending machine attributable to the cost of installation of the machine's vision technology or $5,000.00, whichever is less. The reverse vending machine manufacturer must reduce the purchase price of the new reverse vending machine to the dealer by the amount of any payment to the reverse vending machine manufacturer under this subdivision.


History: 2008, Act 388, Imd. Eff. Dec. 29, 2008

445.637 Beverage container redemption antifraud fund; creation; payments; allocations; report.

Sec. 7.

(1) The beverage container redemption antifraud fund is created in the state treasury. All of the following apply to the fund:

(a) The state treasurer may receive money appropriated to the fund or money or other assets from any other source for deposit into the fund. The state treasurer shall direct the investment of the fund. The state treasurer shall credit to the fund interest and earnings from fund investments.

(b) Money in the fund at the close of the fiscal year shall remain in the fund and shall not lapse to the general fund.

(c) The department is the administrator of the fund for auditing purposes.

(d) The department shall expend money from the fund, upon appropriation, only for the purposes of this act and the reverse vending machine antifraud act, including, but not limited to, administration of those acts. However, the department may not use more than $100,000.00 from the fund in any state fiscal year for administration of this act and the reverse vending machine antifraud act.

(2) At any time after it begins to receive reports described in section 13, but not later than 30 days after receiving all of the reports described in section 13, the department shall immediately begin to arrange with reverse vending machine manufacturers for the retrofitting of reverse vending machines under section 5 that are located in counties that border another state and in counties in the Lower Peninsula that are contiguous with a county of this state that borders another state. The department shall also arrange for payments from the fund on behalf of dealers eligible under section 6 for the acquisition of new reverse vending machines for use in those counties.

(3) In allocating money from the fund for purposes of subsection (2), the department shall do all of the following:

(a) Subject to subdivision (b), give priority to retrofitting reverse vending machines under section 5 located in the counties described in subsection (2), or for the acquisition of new reverse vending machines under section 6 for use in those counties, that it determines have the greatest potential benefit for reducing the redemption of nonreturnable containers.

(b) Allocate at least 50% of the money in the fund to retrofitting reverse vending machines located in counties that border another state under section 5 or for the acquisition of new reverse vending machines under section 6 for use in counties that border another state.

(4) Beginning 1 year after the effective date of this act, the department by September 1 of each year shall report to the legislature on the progress it has made in reducing the redemption of nonreturnable containers, including the total number of distributors who were overreedemers in the immediately preceding calendar year, before trading, as well as the average amount of overredemption.


History: 2008, Act 388, Imd. Eff. Dec. 29, 2008

445.639 Payment amount; purchase or lease.

Sec. 9.

(1) The amount of payment a reverse vending machine manufacturer may receive under section 7 for retrofitting a single reverse vending machine under section 5 is the total cost of retrofitting that reverse vending machine or $5,000.00, whichever is less.

(2) A dealer that operates a reverse vending machine at a location in a county of this state that borders another state, or in a county in the Lower Peninsula that is contiguous with a county of this state that borders another state, may elect to purchase or lease a new reverse vending machine that meets the requirements of the reverse vending machine antifraud act to replace that existing reverse vending machine rather than have that existing reverse vending machine retrofitted under section 5. All of the following apply if a dealer purchases or leases a new reverse vending machine from a reverse vending machine manufacturer under this subsection:

(a) The reverse vending machine manufacturer shall submit an application for payment in the form prescribed by the department. The reverse vending machine manufacturer shall include with the application a copy of the dealer's purchase order for the new reverse vending machine.

(b) A reverse vending machine manufacturer may not apply money received under this subsection to the purchase price of a new reverse vending machine that does not meet the requirements of the reverse vending machine antifraud act.

(c) The dealer shall operate the new reverse vending machine at the same location as the reverse vending machine it replaces. However, if the dealer ceases retail sale of beverages in beverage containers at that location, the dealer may move that reverse vending machine to another location and operate the reverse vending machine at that different location.

(d) The amount of a payment to a reverse vending machine manufacturer under this section shall not exceed that part of the price of the new reverse vending machine attributable to the cost of installation of the machine's vision technology or $5,000.00, whichever is less. The reverse vending machine manufacturer must reduce the purchase price of the new reverse vending machine to the dealer by the amount of any payment to the reverse vending machine manufacturer under this subdivision.

(e) The reverse vending machine manufacturer may not apply for or receive payment under this act for retrofitting a reverse vending machine if the reverse vending machine manufacturer received money for a new reverse vending machine to replace that existing reverse vending machine under this subsection.

(f) For purposes of this act, the department shall consider the replacement of a reverse vending machine with a new reverse vending machine under this section as a retrofitting of a reverse vending machine.


History: 2008, Act 388, Imd. Eff. Dec. 29, 2008

445.641 Distribution of money left in fund.

Sec. 11.

If the department determines that it has paid the reverse vending machine manufacturers for retrofitting all of the reverse vending machines located in the counties described in section 7(2), and for the acquisition of any new reverse vending machines under section 6 for use in those counties for which it has received applications for payment, and the total of those payments is less than the amount in the fund, the department shall distribute the money remaining in the fund to dealers for the purchase of new reverse vending machines. All of the following apply to a payment of money under this section:

(a) A dealer requesting money under this section shall submit an application for payment, in the form prescribed by the department.

(b) A dealer shall only use money received under this section to purchase a new reverse vending machine that meets the requirement of the reverse vending machine antifraud act and that the dealer will operate that reverse vending machine at a location in this state.

(c) The amount of a payment to a dealer under this section shall not exceed that part of the price of the new reverse vending machine attributable to the cost of installation of the machine's vision technology, as determined by the department.

(d) The department shall disburse money from the fund under this section in the order in which it receives applications for payment under this section.


History: 2008, Act 388, Imd. Eff. Dec. 29, 2008

445.643 Report.

Sec. 13.

(1) No later than 60 days after the effective date of this act, each dealer that operates reverse vending machines that are located in any county of this state that borders another state, or any county in the Lower Peninsula that is contiguous with a county of this state that borders another state, shall submit a report to the department.

(2) The report described in subsection (1) shall contain all of the following information:

(a) Contact information for the dealer.

(b) The street address and county of each location in the counties described in subsection (1) where the dealer uses reverse vending machines.

(c) The number of reverse vending machines used by the dealer at each location described in subdivision (b) and the type of beverage containers each of those reverse vending machines accepts.

(d) The number of beverage containers sold and the number of beverage containers redeemed by the dealer under the beverage container law in the preceding calendar year at each of the locations described in subdivision (b).

(3) The department shall prescribe the form of the report described in subsection (1).


History: 2008, Act 388, Imd. Eff. Dec. 29, 2008

445.651 Short title.

Sec. 1.

This act shall be known and may be cited as the "reverse vending machine antifraud act".


History: 2008, Act 387, Eff. Dec. 1, 2009




445.653 Definitions.

Sec. 3.

As used in this act:

(a) "Beverage container" means that term as defined in section 1 of the beverage container law, MCL 445.571.

(b) "Beverage container law" means 1976 IL 1, MCL 445.571 to 445.576.

(c) "Brand" means any word, name, group of letters, symbol, or trademark, or any combination of them, adopted and used by a manufacturer to identify a specific flavor or type of beverage and to distinguish that flavor or type of beverage from another beverage produced or marketed by that manufacturer or another manufacturer.

(d) "Dealer" means that term as defined in section 1 of the beverage container law, MCL 445.571.

(e) "Department" means the department of treasury.

(f) "Designated glass container" means a 12-ounce glass beverage container that contains a symbol, mark, or other distinguishing characteristic that allows a reverse vending machine to determine if the beverage container is or is not a returnable container.

(g) "Designated metal container" means a 12-ounce metal beverage container that contains a symbol, mark, or other distinguishing characteristic that allows a reverse vending machine to determine if the beverage container is or is not a returnable container.

(h) "Designated plastic container" means a 20-ounce plastic beverage container that contains a symbol, mark, or other distinguishing characteristic that allows a reverse vending machine to determine if the beverage container is or is not a returnable container.

(i) "Distributor" means that term as defined in section 1 of the beverage container law, MCL 445.571.

(j) "Glass beverage container" means a beverage container composed primarily of glass.

(k) "Install" or "installation" means to equip an existing, new, or replacement reverse vending machine with vision technology for designated metal, plastic, or glass containers, including all reasonable and necessary technology, equipment, hardware, software, and labor and including 1 year of service by the reverse vending machine vendor.

(l) "Law enforcement agency" means the attorney general or a law enforcement agency as defined in section 2804 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.2804.

(m) "Lease" does not include to renew or extend an existing lease for an existing reverse vending machine at the same location.

(n) "Manufacturer" means that term as defined in section 1 of the beverage container law, MCL 445.571.

(o) "Metal beverage container" means a beverage container composed primarily of metal.

(p) "Nonreturnable container" means that term as defined in section 1 of the beverage container law, MCL 445.571.

(q) "Person" means an individual, partnership, corporation, association, limited liability company, governmental entity, or other legal entity. The term includes a dealer, distributor, or manufacturer.

(r) "Plastic beverage container" means a beverage container composed primarily of plastic.

(s) "Returnable container" means that term as defined in section 1 of the beverage container law, MCL 445.571.

(t) "Reverse vending machine" means a device designed to properly identify and process empty beverage containers and provide a means for a deposit refund on returnable containers.

(u) "Reverse vending machine manufacturer" means a person that engages in any of the following and the representatives of that person:

(i) Designing or manufacturing a reverse vending machine.

(ii) Selling or leasing a reverse vending machine to a dealer in this state.

(iii) Servicing or replacing a reverse vending machine of a dealer in this state.

(v) "Update" means to install vision technology for designated metal, plastic, or glass beverage containers in an existing, new, or replacement reverse vending machine.

(w) "Vision technology" means a camera or other scanning device that allows a reverse vending machine to determine if beverage containers are returnable containers based on symbols, marks, or other distinguishing characteristics on the beverage containers.


History: 2008, Act 387, Eff. Dec. 1, 2009

445.655 Installation of vision technology.

Sec. 5.

Not later than 450 days after the effective date of this act, a reverse vending machine manufacturer shall begin installing vision technology into a sufficient sample of reverse vending machines that process glass beverage containers and plastic beverage containers and conducting testing of that vision technology in a commercial environment or other testing environment that is substantially similar to a commercial environment.


History: 2008, Act 387, Eff. Dec. 1, 2009

445.657 Reverse vending machine used in county that borders another state or county in Lower Peninsula contiguous with county that borders another state; processing metal beverage containers; requirements; extension of date.

Sec. 7.

(1) Subject to subsection (2), beginning 360 days after the effective date of this act, a reverse vending machine manufacturer shall not lease, sell, or otherwise transfer a reverse vending machine that processes metal beverage containers for use in any county of this state that borders another state, or any county in the Lower Peninsula that is contiguous with a county of this state that borders another state, and a dealer shall not use a reverse vending machine that processes metal beverage containers in any of those counties, if the reverse vending machine does not meet the following standards:

(a) It identifies at least 85% of appropriately marked and legible designated metal containers that are or are not nonreturnable containers, and authorizes or provides a refund only for those containers identified as returnable containers or refuses to provide or authorize a refund for those containers identified as nonreturnable containers.

(b) It maintains accurate data concerning the number of beverage containers accepted by that reverse vending machine, categorized according to the distributor of those beverage containers.

(2) If a reverse vending machine manufacturer demonstrates to the department's satisfaction that material and technical issues prevent the reverse vending machine manufacturer from meeting the requirements of subsection (1) by the date described in that subsection, the department may grant an extension of that date of not more than 180 days.


History: 2008, Act 387, Eff. Dec. 1, 2009

445.659 Reverse vending machine used in county that borders another state or county in Lower Peninsula contiguous with county that borders another state; processing glass or plastic beverage containers; requirements; extension of date.

Sec. 9.

(1) Subject to subsection (2), beginning 720 days after the effective date of this act, a reverse vending machine manufacturer shall not lease, sell, or otherwise transfer a reverse vending machine that processes glass beverage containers or plastic beverage containers for use in any county of this state that borders another state, or any county in the Lower Peninsula that is contiguous with a county of this state that borders another state, and a dealer shall not use a reverse vending machine that processes glass beverage containers or plastic beverage containers in any of those counties, if the reverse vending machine does not meet the following standards:

(a) It identifies at least 85% of appropriately marked and legible designated glass containers and designated plastic containers that are or are not nonreturnable containers, and authorizes or provides a refund only for those containers identified as returnable containers or refuses to provide or authorize a refund for those containers identified as nonreturnable containers.

(b) It maintains accurate data concerning the number of beverage containers accepted by that reverse vending machine, categorized according to the distributor of those beverage containers.

(2) If a reverse vending machine manufacturer demonstrates to the department's satisfaction that material and technical issues prevent the reverse vending machine manufacturer from meeting the requirements of subsection (1) by the date described in that subsection, the department may grant an extension of that date of not more than 180 days. The department may grant a second extension of not more than an additional 180 days, but only if the department determines that the reverse vending machine manufacturer gave its best effort to meeting the requirements of subsection (1) before the end of the first extension.


History: 2008, Act 387, Eff. Dec. 1, 2009

445.661 Change, alteration, or modification; prohibitions.

Sec. 11.

A person shall not change, alter, or modify a reverse vending machine used or intended for use in this state in a manner designed to prevent the reverse vending machine from meeting the standards described in section 7(1) or 9(1). A person shall not assist another person's efforts to change, alter, or modify a reverse vending machine used or intended for use in this state in a manner designed to prevent the reverse vending machine from meeting the standards described in section 7(1) or 9(1).


History: 2008, Act 387, Eff. Dec. 1, 2009

445.663 Fraudulent change, alteration, or modification; data; retention; availability for inspection.

Sec. 13.

(1) A person shall not fraudulently change, alter, or modify data described in section 7(1) or 9(1) or assist another person's efforts to fraudulently change, alter, or modify data described in section 7(1) or 9(1).

(2) Each dealer shall retain the data described in sections 7(1) and 9(1) for at least 2 years, shall make any of that data concerning brands distributed by a distributor that provides a refund to the dealer under section 2(6) of the beverage container law, MCL 445.572, available for inspection by that distributor, and shall provide copies of that data to that distributor on request.


History: 2008, Act 387, Eff. Dec. 1, 2009

445.665 Inspection; investigation of complaint; notice of violation; installation or update to comply with requirements.

Sec. 15.

(1) Each dealer shall allow the department and any law enforcement agency to inspect the dealer's reverse vending machines and the data described in sections 7(1) and 9(1) for the purpose of enforcing this act.

(2) If the department receives a complaint of a violation of this act, the department shall investigate to determine if a violation of this act has occurred.

(3) If the department determines or discovers that a violation of this act has occurred, the department shall notify the appropriate law enforcement agency of the violation.

(4) The department shall not require that a dealer or reverse vending machine manufacturer install or update a reverse vending machine to meet the requirements of section 7(1) or 9(1) unless the department first establishes under the beverage container redemption antifraud act that the dealer must install or retrofit the reverse vending machines at a retail location in order to meet the requirements of section 7(1) or 9(1) and makes money available for that installation or update under the beverage container redemption antifraud act.


History: 2008, Act 387, Eff. Dec. 1, 2009

445.665 Inspection; investigation of complaint; notice of violation; installation or update to comply with requirements.

Sec. 15.

(1) Each dealer shall allow the department and any law enforcement agency to inspect the dealer's reverse vending machines and the data described in sections 7(1) and 9(1) for the purpose of enforcing this act.

(2) If the department receives a complaint of a violation of this act, the department shall investigate to determine if a violation of this act has occurred.

(3) If the department determines or discovers that a violation of this act has occurred, the department shall notify the appropriate law enforcement agency of the violation.

(4) The department shall not require that a dealer or reverse vending machine manufacturer install or update a reverse vending machine to meet the requirements of section 7(1) or 9(1) unless the department first establishes under the beverage container redemption antifraud act that the dealer must install or retrofit the reverse vending machines at a retail location in order to meet the requirements of section 7(1) or 9(1) and makes money available for that installation or update under the beverage container redemption antifraud act.


History: 2008, Act 387, Eff. Dec. 1, 2009

445.667 Violations; penalties; restitution.

Sec. 17.

(1) A person who violates section 11 or 13(1) is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment for not more than 2 years or a fine of not more than $10,000.00, or both.

(2) Except as provided in subsection (1), and subject to subsections (3) and (4), a person that violates this act is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than 90 days or a fine of not more than $5,000.00, or both.

(3) A dealer or reverse vending machine manufacturer is not considered in violation of section 7(1) or 9(1) if the department has not made money available to the reverse vending machine manufacturer under the beverage container redemption antifraud act to update the dealer's reverse vending machines.

(4) A dealer is not considered in violation of the requirements imposed on a dealer in section 7(1) or 9(1) if the dealer is using the reverse vending machines of a reverse vending machine manufacturer and the reverse vending machines of that reverse vending machine manufacturer cannot be retrofitted due to the lack of technology to meet the standards described in subdivisions (a) and (b) of section 7(1) or 9(1).

(5) In addition to the penalty imposed under subsection (1) or (2), a court shall order a person convicted of a violation of this act to make restitution to this state and to any dealer or distributor for any loss caused by the violation.


History: 2008, Act 387, Eff. Dec. 1, 2009

445.669 Report.

Sec. 19.

Within 4 years after the effective date of this act, the department shall provide a written report to the governor, the speaker of the house of representatives, and the senate majority leader. The report shall include a status report concerning the implementation of this act and the beverage container redemption antifraud act, the department's analysis of the effectiveness of these acts in reducing the redemption of nonreturnable containers in this state, the department's recommendation concerning whether the requirements of sections 7(1) and 9(1) should be extended to apply to reverse vending machines located in areas of the state not included in those sections, and any other recommendations the department may have for changes to these acts or other legislative action to reduce the redemption of nonreturnable containers in this state.


History: 2008, Act 387, Eff. Dec. 1, 2009

 

 

Updated March 14, 2011

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