|Name||Beverage Container Law|
|Purpose||Reduce litter, increase recycling, reduce waste disposal costs, create local jobs and save energy|
|Beverages Covered||Beer, malt, carbonated soft drinks, mixed wine drinks; liquor|
|Containers Covered||Any bottle, can, jar or carton composed of glass, metal, paper, plastic or any combination (Biodegradables excluded)|
|Amount of Deposit||liquor: 15¢ All others: 5¢|
|Redemption Rate||overall 85% (vii)|
|Reclamation System||Retail stores and redemption centers, If retailer is located conveniently near a licensed center and thereby gains state approval, retailer may refuse containers|
|Unredeemed Deposits||Retained by distributor/bottlers|
|Handling Fee||4¢ for brand-sorted containers and 3.5¢ for commingled brands|
The deposit law in Vermont prohibits certain containers from being sold in the state: namely metal containers with detachable parts, and containers held together by plastic rings or other non-biodegradable materials.
Manufacturers are required to pay handling fees to redemption centers (and stores) that collect empty containers. Maufacturers who are not part of a commingling program, and thus require the redemption center to separate their brand for pickup, pay the redemption center a 4¢ handling fee. Manufacturers that allow their containers to be commingled with the containers of other brands can take advantage of a lower, 3.5¢, fee. Brand owners that wish to create a commingling program must follow certain procedures, outlined in the January 2010 report to legislature on the commingling pilot program. [pdf]
By law, redemption centers and retailers should not accept containers which are not labeled with the Vermont refund value, and the Agency of Natural Resources may penalize those businesses that do redeem unlabeled containers. Procedures for auditing these "foreign containers" are also laid out in the January 2010 report to legislature on the commingling pilot program [pdf]. Redemption centers and retailers are also permitted to refuse dirty and broken containers; retailers may refuse all containers if they have been approved by the Agency because they are located near a redemption center.
Beverage companies are required to register each beverage container with the Agency of Natural Resources.
[vii] Source: Vermont Solid Waste Division, as per phone conversation with Cathy Stacey on 4/8/10.