Until the 2006 enactment of the "Ordinance on the return system for plastic bottles and metal cans," Sweden had two separate systems for the management of plastic bottles and aluminum cans, described below. Click here for information about the current system.
SFS 1982 349
|Law Summary||set a mandatory recycling rate for aluminum cans, to reduce litter and solid waste.|
|Date Implemented||1984 (passed 1982); amended 1986 and 1994.|
|Containers Covered||Aluminum cans|
|Beverages Covered||All beverages in aluminum cans|
SFS 1993 1154
|Law Summary||Producer responsibility law for glass and cardboard packaging|
|Date Implemented||January 1994|
|Containers Covered||One-way glass containers|
|Beverages Covered||Beverages in one-way glass containers|
|Program Success||Containers are recovered at the following rates:
SFS 1982 349 required that aluminum cans be recycled at a rate of 90% or face a ban. The response by industry was to implement a voluntary deposit system for aluminum cans. In 1994, the government required that the minimum recycling rate for aluminum cans be raised to 90% and PET be 90%. Since, Sweden has achieved a 91% recycling rate for aluminum cans, the hightest in the world.
The refillables system enjoys increased efficiency since most 33 cl. refillables in Sweden are of a uniform shape and size so that they do not require sorting by brand. This standardized system was devised by the brewers and bottlers.