Bottle Bill Resource Guide

Beverage containers compose only 4-6% [1] (by weight) of municipal solid waste, but the upstream environmental effects of container wasting are disproportionately high. For example, beverage containers account for 20% of the greenhouse gas emissions resulting from replacing wasted containers with new containers made from virgin materials.[2] By increasing collection and recycling of these containers, bottle bills mitigate their negative environmental effects.


[1]Table 19, "Products Generated in the Municipal Waste Stream, 1960 to 2000 (with detail on containers and packaging)" in "Municipal Solid Waste in The United States: 2000 Facts and Figures." Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response (5305W) EPA530-R-02-001, June 2002.

[2] "Energy to Waste?" Usman Valiente, Solid Waste and Recycling , April/May 2000.

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