Bottle Bill Resource Guide

Name  Michigan Beverage Container Act
Purpose To reduce roadside litter, clean up the environment, and conserve energy and natural resources
Enacted 11/2/1976
Date Implemented 12/3/1978
Beverages Covered Soft drinks, soda water, carbonated natural or mineral water, or other nonalcoholic carbonated drink; beer, ale, or other malt drink of whatever alcoholic content; or a mixed wine drink or a mixed spirit drink
Containers Covered Any airtight metal, glass, paper, or plastic container, or a combination, under 1 gallon
Amount of Deposit 10¢
Reclamation System Retail stores
Handling Fee None
Unredeemed Deposits 75% to state for envt'l programs, 25% to retailers (more information)
Redemption Rate 2017 91.2%[a]
2016 92.2%
2015 93.4%
2014 94.2%



The Michigan law requires reporting of containers sold and redeemed by bottlers and distributors. At 10¢, Michigan's deposit is the highest in the country—and so is its recycling rate.

A series of amending acts (#384–#389) were passed in 2008 to prevent fraudulent redemption, especially at reverse vending machines. Most significant among these acts is the one that requires a machine-readable, state-specific mark to be placed on all 12-oz. metal or glass and 20-oz. plastic containers if they are sold in a volume over 500,000 cases a year, or are subject to significant overredemption. The mark should indicate whether the container is redeemable or not. To assist RVM manufacturers and redemption centers in building and installing machines with the capability to read these marks, a Beverage container redemption antifraud fund is created. The new acts also add additional penalties for willfully participating in fraudulent redemption.

While 25% of unredeemed deposits in Michigan go to retailers, the other 75% is retained by the state in a Cleanup and Redevelopment Trust Fund (Trust Fund), and distributed as follows:[b]

  • 80% to the Cleanup and Redevelopment Fund, used to clean up specific sites of contamination in Michigan.
  • 10% to the Community Pollution Prevention Fund, for educational programs on pollution prevention methods, technologies, and processes, with an emphasis on the direct reduction of toxic material releases or disposal, at the source.
  • 10% remains in the Trust Fund. The Trust Fund continues to collect the 10% per year until a maximum of $200 million is met.


[a] Source: "Bottle Deposit Information." Michigan Department of Treasury, 2018.

[b] Source: Michigan Recycling Coalition. "Used Beverage Container Deposits," 2011 State of Recycling in Michigan: A Way Forward. p.10.

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Contact - Michigan

For information on labeling requirements, please contact your government agency.


Howard Heideman or Al Martin
Michigan Department of Treasury
430 W. Allegan Street,
Lansing, MI 48922
Phone: 517-335-7437


Policy Staff
Michigan United Conservation Clubs
P.O. Box 30235
2101 Wood Street

Lansing, MI 48909
Phone: 517-371-1041

James Clift
Policy Director
Michigan Environmental Council -
119 Pere Marquette Dr., Ste. 2A
Lansing, MI 48912
Phone: 517-487-9539

4820 Holtz Drive
Wixom, Michigan 48393
Phone: (888) 422-7404
Customer Service:
East Michigan: Keith Rozmus
Tel: 248-767-7132
West Michigan: Paul Bunce
Tel: 616-706-3658