|Name||Michigan Beverage Container Act|
|Purpose||To reduce roadside litter, clean up the environment, and conserve energy and natural resources|
|Beverages Covered||Soft drinks, soda water, carbonated natural or mineral water, or other nonalcoholic carbonated drinks; beer, ale, or other malt drinks of whatever alcoholic content; or a mixed wine drink or a mixed spirit drink. Kombucha added in 2019.|
|Containers Covered||Any airtight metal, glass, paper, or plastic container, or a combination, under 1 gallon|
|Amount of Deposit||10¢|
|Reclamation System||Retail stores|
|Unredeemed Deposits||75% to state for environmental programs, 25% to retailers (more information)|
2019 - 89% [a]
2018 - 89%
2017 - 91%
2016 - 92%
2015 - 93%
2014 - 94%
The Michigan law requires reporting of containers sold and redeemed by bottlers and distributors. Along with Oregon, Michigan's deposit of 10¢ is the highest in the country—and so is its recycling rate.
While 25% of unredeemed deposits in Michigan go to retailers, the other 75% is retained by the state in a Cleanup and Redevelopment Trust Fund (Trust Fund), and distributed as follows:[b]
- 80% to the Cleanup and Redevelopment Fund, used to clean up specific sites of contamination in Michigan.
- 10% to the Community Pollution Prevention Fund, for educational programs on pollution prevention methods, technologies, and processes, with an emphasis on the direct reduction of toxic material releases or disposal, at the source.
- 10% remains in the Trust Fund. The Trust Fund continues to collect the 10% per year until a maximum of $200 million is met.
[a] Source: "Bottle Deposit Information." Michigan Department of Treasury, June 2020. These numbers do not adjust for the impact of beverage containers purchased in another state or country and returned illegally for a deposit in Michigan.
[b] Source: Michigan Recycling Coalition. "Used Beverage Container Deposits," 2011 State of Recycling in Michigan: A Way Forward. p.10. http://www.michiganrecycles.org/images/pdf/stateofrecycling2011mrc.pdf