Bottle Bill Resource Guide

Name  California Beverage Container Recycling and Litter Reduction Act (AB 2020) 
Purpose To encourage recycling and reduce litter; Program goal of 80% recycling rate
Enacted 9/29/1986
Implemented 9/1/1987
Beverages Covered beer, malt, wine & distilled spirits coolers, all non-alcoholic beverages, except milk. Excludes vegetable juices over 16oz.
Beverages Not Covered

Milk; 100% fruit juice ≥46 oz.; vegetable juice ≥16 oz; refillables

Containers Covered Aluminum. glass, plastic and bi-metal. Exempts refillables
Amount of Deposit (5¢: under 24oz.) and (10¢: 24oz. and greater)
Reclamation System State certified recyclers include redemption centers, registered curbside operations, dropoffs
Unredeemed Deposits Property of program: used for program administration program payments and grants.
Handling Fees Handling Fees paid by state to specific handling fee sites. Department will calculate the monthly handling fee at the rate of $0.00833 per beverage container redeemed. [a]
Other Fees Processing Payments for 2nd Qtr 2019 (made to all certified recyclers when the cost of recycling exceeds the value of material, per ton redeemed.) [b]
Glass: $123.40
#1 PET: $295.72
#2 HDPE: $444.9437
#3 PVC: $1,025.78
#4 LDPE: $1,458.57
#5 PP: $1,174.11
#6 PS: $800.74
#7 Other Plastic: $694.91
Bimetal: $623.06

Processing Fees 2019 (paid by beverage manufactorers to the Department, per container sold) [c]
#1 PET:$0.00055
#2 HDPE:$0.00383
#3 PVC:$0.06572
#4 LDPE:$0.01172
#5 PP:$0.03731
#6 PS:$0.00233
#7 Other Plastic:$0.09061

Program Success

Please note that the "redemption rates" shown below are as published by CalRecycle. They include a certain amount of CRV beverage containers that consumers recycled via curbside rather than at  redemption centers or retail stores.    

Calendar Year 2018 redemption rates: [g]

Aluminum 83% 
Glass 66% 
PET 74% 
HDPE 65% 
All materials/Overall 76%

Calendar Year 2017 redemption rates: [f]
Aluminum 84% 
Glass 69% 
PET 73% 
HDPE 64% 
All materials/Overall 75%

Calendar Year 2015 redemption rates: [d]
Overall 84%
Aluminum 92%
Glass 85%
#1 PET 77%
#2 HDPE 95%
#3 PVC 49%
#4 LDPE 16%
#5 PP 7%
#6 PS 24%
#7 other 9%

Calendar Year 2014 redemption rates: [e]
Overall 84%
Aluminum 96%
Glass 90%
#1 PET 70%
#2 HDPE 273%
#3 PVC 18%
#4 LDPE 3%
#5 PP 15%
#6 PS 17%
#7 other 4%
Bimetal 27%



  • Distributors pay a per container fee (CRV) of 5¢ <24 oz and 10¢ >24 oz into a state fund. (The fee was originally 1¢ for all containers and was amended in 1990 to 2.5¢<24 oz and 5¢>24 oz, in 2003 to 4¢ and 8¢, and in 2007 to 5 and 10¢.)
  • Consumers pay a deposit of 5¢ for each container < 24 ounces and 10¢ for each container >24 ounces.
  • In turn, they receive a refund of 5¢ for each container of less than 24 ounces redeemed, and 10¢ for each container of 24 ounces or greater redeemed.

Consumers have the right to be paid per container when bringing in 50 (fifty) containers or less in a single load. Some recyclers, at their discretion, may redeem more than 50 containers by count. If the recycler declines to pay by count for >50 containers presented per visit, payment is based on the weight of the materials delivered for redemption.

Handling fees are paid to the operators of supermarket redemption sites only, to help cover the costs of operating a redemption system at those locations. Handling fees are calculated every 2 years, by subtracting the cost per container (for recycling centers that do not receive handling fees) from the costs per container of those that do receive handling fees.

Processing payments are paid to all redemption centers and to curbside programs to help cover the costs of recycling materials with a low scrap value. Processing Payment amounts vary by container type and are determined annually, based on based on audited data and scrap market prices. Part of the processing payments are supplied by distributors' processing fees, but the majority of processing payments come from unredeemed deposits. Unredeemed deposits are also used to administer the system and fund education programs.

Processing Fee amounts are a specific percentage of the Processing Payment, determined based on the recycling rate of the container type. Beverage distributors pay the "processing fee" into the recycling fund.[b]


Program success

Since implementation of the deposit program, California's beverage container recycling rates have increased significantly, from an overall 52% in 1988 to 75% in 2017. In the twelve years from 2006 to 2017 alone, the program has increased recycling from 13 billion containers per year to more than 18.4 billion containers per year.[a] Because California is so large, that increase, of 5.4 billion containers, has an impact on the nation’s beverage container recycling rate as well. The 18.4 billion containers recycled in California are nearly 21% of the 88.2 billion containers that are recycled nationally each year. 1 out of 5 beverage containers recycled in the USA are recycled in California.



[1] Source: CalRecycle. "Handling Fee Changes, Effective July 1, 2019” (Updated) June 15th, 2018

[2] Source: Calrecycle. "2019 Processing Payments Adjustments" December 14, 2018.

[3] Source: Calrecycle. "2019 Processing Fees" December 14, 2018.

[4] Source: CalRecycle. "Biannual Report of Beverage Container Sales, Returns, Redemption, and Recycling Rates" May 9th, 2016.

[5] Source: CalRecycle. "Biannual Report of Beverage Container Sales, Returns, Redemption, and Recycling Rates" May 8th, 2015.

[6] Source: CalRecycle, "Biannual Report of Beverage Container Sales, Returns, Redemption, and Recycling Rates." Nov. 2017 and May 10, 2018.

[7] Source: CalRecycle, "Biannual Report of Beverage Container Sales, Returns, Redemption, and Recycling Rates." May 10, 2019.