Bottle Bill Resource Guide

Name 
REGULATION 99-66 under the Beverage Containers Act (O.C. 99-672)
Date Implemented 1 June 1992; updated 13 May 2011
Administering agency Encorp Atlantic (non-alcoholic beverages) and 
Alcool NB Liquor 
(alcoholic beverages)
Beverages Covered All beverages except milk, milk products, and unpasteurized cider
Containers Covered All beverage containers 5L and under
Amount of Deposit

Non-alcoholic beverages: 10¢ CAD / 5¢ CAD*

Alcoholic beverages only:
≤500mL: 10¢ CAD / 5¢ CAD*
>500mL: 20¢ / 10¢ CAD*

*Consumers receive only half of their deposit back when they return non-refillable containers (see "Other Fees" section)

Refillable beer containers: 10¢ CAD

Reclamation System Return to licensed redemption centers
Handling Fee

Beer containers: $0.03120

Non-beer containers: $0.04368 [1]

Other Fees Half-back system: only half of the deposit is returned when non-refillable containers are redeemed. Half of the kept value is used to pay for program costs, and the other half of the kept value is used for "environmental fees"
Unredeemed Deposits Returned to the Environmental Trust Fund along with the non-refunded half of the deposit to run environmental programs
Program Success

2019-2019 Container collection rates [2]:

Aluminum Cans : 70.8% 
Non‐Refillable Glass : 59.4% 
PET: 73.4%
Steel: 46.0%
Cartons: 42.0%
Other: 22.3%
Total Container rate: 69.5%

2016 Container collection rates [3]:

Aluminum Cans : 79% 
Non‐Refillable Glass : 73% 
Other plastics: 69%
Gable/Aseptic packaging: 57%
Total non-refillables: 73%
Refillable [glass] beer: 97%
Total Containers: 75%

2014 Container collection rates:

Aluminum Cans : 80.1% 
Non‐Refillable Glass : 72.4% 
PET Bottles : 71.2% 
Other Plastics : 57.4% 
Gable/Tetra Pak : 123.8%*
Other : 11%
TOTAL Non‐Refillables : 73% 
Refillable Beer : 97% 
TOTAL CONTAINERS : 73.4%

*: some cartons are reported as sold under other categories, so the denominator for gable/Tetra Pak containers is lower than it should be. As such, the denominator for other categories may be too high.

 

Details

As of February 2008, approximately 86% of NB Residents have access to recycling programs within their community. approximately 30% of New Brunswick's population have access to multi-material curbside recycling, 55% have access to some form of curbside recycling programs, and 10 out of the 12 Solid Waste Commissions in NB use the depot system along with other programs.As of February 2008, approximately 86% of NB Residents have access to recycling programs within their community. approximately 30% of New Brunswick's population have access to multi-material curbside recycling, 55% have access to some form of curbside recycling programs, and 10 out of the 12 Solid Waste Commissions in NB use the depot system along with other programs. A list of these redemption depots may be found here (last updated in January 2018).

The Beverage Containers Act regulates the deposit-refund system in New Brunswick. This system was the original model in Canada for the "half-back depot" approach.  Deposits are paid on all beverage containers, and while there is a full refund on refillable containers, only half is refunded to the consumer for non-refillable containers. Under the Act, distributors must register with the Department of environment and submit a "stewardship plan" or select an agent that has submitted an acceptable stewardship plan.

Soft drinks

Encorp Atlantic, a grocer/soft drink consortium, was set up to act as the Agent for the bottlers of all non-alcoholic beverages. Encorp is responsible for reimbursing deposits and collecting, processing and marketing the scrap materials. Redemption Centres remit their deposits to Encorp and are reimbursed for the refunds. All unredeemed deposits and scrap revenues are shared between Encorp for the management of the system and the Environmental Trust Fund of New Brunswick. Encorp also uses these monies for education and awareness campaigns about recycling and reuse. Redemption Centers are run by small, independent operators, with some municipalities running them as well. Government involvement is limited to licencing the Redemption Centres and some oversight of the system.

Section 18 of the Beverage Containers Act provides that distributors shall remit the amount of non-refunded deposit to the Province. The Province then uses that money, “the environmental fee,” to pay for environmentally beneficial projects.As of December 2020, there are 78 Redemption Centers (Enviro Depots) operating in New Brunswick [3]. 


Beer system

Beer and liquor are sold exclusively in the Alcool New Brunswick Liquor (ANBL) liquor stores and are included in the Beverage Container Act. Liquor stores do not accept returns so all beer and liquor bottles flow into the Redemption Centre system. Bottles are returned to the Brewers, cans flow through Neighborhood Recycling, the agent appointed by ANBL. Prior to the creation of the half-back system there were already a number of bottle dealers who refunded beer bottle deposits. They have since become licenced Redemption Centre operators. Redemption Centers are licensed by the Department of Environment. The licensed Redemption Centers receive a handling fee for each bottle handled for the Brewers. The Brewers are responsible for freight costs incurred when picking up empties from the Redemption Centers.

Footnotes

[1] "Beverage Container Handling Fees." New Brunswick Department of Local Government and Environment. Effective April 2017.

[2] "Global Deposit Book 2020: An Overview of Deposit Systems for One-Way Beverage Containers." Reloop Inc. 15 December 2020.

[3]"Who Pays What? An Analysis of Beverge Container Collection and Costs in Canada, 2018." CM Consulting, October 2018.

 

Last updated on 23 December 2020.

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Contact - New Brunswick

Government

New Brunswick Environment
Phone: (506) 453-7945
Authorizations Branch
elg/[email protected]
Department Website

Organizations

Encorp Atlantic Inc.
Phone: (506) 532-7320
Toll Free: 1-877-389-7320
[email protected]
Website

Encorp Atlantic Inc.
Box 65
Moncton, NB
E1C 8R9

NB Liquor Corporation
Phone: (506) 452-6826
[email protected]
www.anbl.com