Bottle Bill Resource Guide

Name  Beverage Containers Act
Date Implemented 2008 (launched 3 May 2008)
Beverages Covered
  • Juice
  • Sports and energy drinks
  • Carbonated soft drinks
  • Water
  • Alcohol and beer
Containers Covered Plastics, metal (aluminum/tinplate), bimetal, glass, gable top, Tetra Pak, bag-in-box, drink pouches
Beverages Not Covered

Dairy products; milk substitutes; nutritional supplements

Amount of Deposit

Prince Edward Island operates a half-back system on all non-refillable beverage containers, where non-refillable containers will only have half of their deposit returned.

Non-alcoholic beverages ≤ 5L: CAD$0.10 / CAD$0.05

Wine & spirits ≤ 500ml: CAD$0.10 / CAD$0.05

Wine & spirits 501ml to 5l: CAD$0.20 / CAD$0.10

Beer cans & bottles ≤ 500ml: CAD$0.10 / CAD$0.05

Beer cans & bottles ≥ 501ml: CAD$0.20 / CAD$0.10

Refillable domestic beer bottles (fully refundable) :$1.20 per dozen bottles

Reclamation System Licensed beverage container depots
Handling Fee 4.211¢ CAD, paid by distributor or its agent to the beverage container depot [1]
Other Fees N/A
Unredeemed Deposits Kept by province
Program Success

2019 Return Rates:

Total: 84.6%
Aluminum Cans : 89.6%
Glass : 89.2%
PET: 80.3%
Steel: 13.3%
Carton: 65.0%
Gable/Tetra Pak: 78.2%
Other Plastics: 44.1%

2016-2017 Return Rates:

Total: 80.4%
Aluminum Cans : 86.9%
Glass : 76.6%
PET: 77.7%
Gable/Tetra Pak :47.7%

 

Details

The Prince Edward Island (PEI) Beverage Container Management System was established under the Beverage Containers Act (May 2008). The goal of this program is to increase the range of beverage options available to consumers, while diverting beverage containers from the landfill for recycling. Starting in 1977, non-refillable containers for beer and soft drinks were banned in the province. However, that law was repealed in 2008. Now all beverages (alcoholic and non-alcoholic) must be sold in recyclable containers, subject to a partially refundable deposit. Beverages may not be sold if they are connected by plastic rings or any other connecting device which is not biodegradable or photodegradable. [2] 

Brand owners are required to collect and remit a deposit from consumers to the PEI Department of Finance on applicable liquor and non-liquor beverage containers. The deposit is partly refunded (50%) to consumers for each container returned at one of the depots. Deposits on refillable containers, including domestic beer bottles are completely refundable. The PEI Department of Environment, Water and Climate Change is responsible for the oversight of the program.

Non-alcoholic beverages

No entity may sell a beverage in Prince Edward Island until the distributor and the type of beverage has been approved by the Minister of Environment, Energy and Forestry, and a plan exists for the refilling or recycling of the containers. Distributors must be registered under the Act. The retailer pays the manufacturer a deposit and recoups it on sale. The retailer gets the deposit from the consumer.

Empty containers may only be returned to licensed depots (Beverage containers may still be collected by Island Waste Management Corporation, but they are not eligible for a refund). Anyone may apply for a license to operate a beverage container depot. For every container returned, the depot receives a refund and handling fee from the manufacturer. Distributors or their agents may collect the containers from the depots for recycling. Currently there are 10 licensed depots, found here.

Unredeemed deposits accrue to the state, to fund the deposit system and environmental programs. Scrap revenues on wine and spirits containers accrue to the Liquor Commission.

Beer System

Beer must be sold in refillable containers. Beer is sold in liquor stores but must be returned to depots. Wine and spirits are also sold through the Liquor Commission but can be returned either to the Liquor Commission stores or depots. Customers receive the minimum required refund when containers are returned to the depots. Depot operators redeem the containers at the Liquor Commission for their full refund. The Liquor Commission markets the scrap materials.

Wine and liquor

Wine must be sold in recyclable bottles. [3] The bottles may be subjected to a ‘half-back’ deposit system of 10¢ with 5¢ back, for less than 500mL and twice that for any bottle larger. [4]

Footnotes

[1] "Global Deposit Book 2020: An Overview of Deposit Systems for One-Way Beverage Containers." Reloop Inc. 15 December 2020.

[2] Litter Control Regulations, P.E.I. Reg. EC697/91, s. 3.

[3] Litter Control Regulations, P.E.I. Reg. EC697/91, ss. 6(2).

[4] Ibid., ss. 6(2).

[5] "Evaluating End-of-Life Beverage Container Management Systems for California." Morawski, Clarissa. R3 Consulting Group. 15 May 2009.

 

Last Updated on 29 January 2021.

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Contact - Prince Edward Island

Government

Mike Cheverie (Beverage Container Program Coordinator)

Prince Edward Department of Environment, Water and Climate Change

4th Floor, Jones Building
11 Kent Street
Charlottetown, PEI C1A 7N8
Telephone: (902) 620-3877
Fax: (902) 368-5830

Email: [email protected]

Organizations

Island Waste Management Corporation
Phone: 1-888-280-8111
[email protected]
www.iwmc.pe.ca