Bottle Bill Resource Guide

Name  Michigan Beverage Container Act
Purpose To reduce roadside litter, clean up the environment, and conserve energy and natural resources
Enacted 11/2/1976
Date Implemented 12/3/1978
Regulations Michigan Compiled Laws (MCL) §§445.571 - 445.576; 1996 PA 384
Beverages Covered Soft drinks, soda water, carbonated natural or mineral water, or other nonalcoholic carbonated drinks; beer, ale, or other malt drinks of whatever alcoholic content; or a mixed wine drink or a mixed spirit drink. Kombucha added in 2019.
Containers Covered Any airtight metal, glass, paper, or plastic container, or a combination, under 1 gallon
Amount of Deposit 10¢
Reclamation System Retail stores
Handling Fee None
Unredeemed Deposits 75% to state for environmental programs, 25% to retailers (more information)
Redemption Rate

Overall recycling rate: [1]

  • 2020: 73%
  • 2019: 88.7%
  • 2018 : 89%
  • 2017: 91.2%
  • 2016: 92.2%
  • 2015 - 93.4%
  • 2014 - 94.2%
% of All Beverages Sold That Are Covered By Deposit 55% [2]



The Michigan law requires reporting of containers sold and redeemed by bottlers and distributors. Along with Oregon, Michigan's deposit of 10¢ is the highest in the country—and so is its recycling rate.

While 25% of unredeemed deposits in Michigan go to retailers, the other 75% is retained by the state in a Cleanup and Redevelopment Trust Fund (Trust Fund), and distributed as follows: [3]

  • 80% to the Cleanup and Redevelopment Fund, used to clean up specific sites of contamination in Michigan.
  • 10% to the Community Pollution Prevention Fund, for educational programs on pollution prevention methods, technologies, and processes, with an emphasis on the direct reduction of toxic material releases or disposal, at the source.
  • 10% remains in the Trust Fund. The Trust Fund continues to collect the 10% per year until a maximum of $200 million is met.


[1] "Michigan Bottle Bill." Michigan Department of Environment, Great Lakes, and Energy. Last Accessed 10 March 2022.

[2] "2019 Beverage Market Data Analysis." Container Recycling Institute. 2022.

[3]  "Used Beverage Container Deposits." Michigan Recycling Coalition. 2011 State of Recycling in Michigan: A Way Forward. p.10.


Last Updated on August 5 2022.

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Contact - Michigan

For information on labeling requirements, please contact your government agency.


Howard Heideman or Al Martin
Michigan Department of Treasury
430 W. Allegan Street,
Lansing, MI 48922
Phone: 517-335-7437
[email protected]


Policy Staff
Michigan United Conservation Clubs
P.O. Box 30235
2101 Wood Street

Lansing, MI 48909
Phone: 517-371-1041
[email protected]

Sean Hammond
Deputy Policy Director
Michigan Environmental Council -
119 Pere Marquette Dr., Ste. 2A
Lansing, MI 48912
Phone: 517-487-9539
[email protected]

4820 Holtz Drive
Wixom, Michigan 48393
Phone: (888) 422-7404
Customer Service:
East Michigan: Keith Rozmus
Tel: 248-767-7132
West Michigan: Paul Bunce
Tel: 616-706-3658