Bottle Bill Resource Guide

Featured Publication


Bottled Up (2000-2010) - Beverage Container Recycling Stagnates

Three pronounced trends in American beverage consumption and recycling patterns have emerged since CRI’s first BMDA looked at year 2000 data: overall sales growth, non-carbonated sales growth, and stagnating recycling rates—all of which are resulting in higher rates of landfilling, incineration and littering, and other negative environmental impacts.

Get Download Link[2.1MB]


A Clean and Green Vermont

As Vermont strives for a zero waste future, expanding Vermont’s Bottle Bill is the next logical step to increase recycling, prevent litter, enhance local economic activity, and cut costs for government and citizens.

Get Download Link[1.4MB]

General Interest


Curbside vs Beverage Fact Sheet 2012

July 2012 | Curbside Recycling Access Rates and Beverage Container Recycling

Download pdf[PDF, 246 KB]

by Container Recycling Institute
December 2011

Returning to Work: Understanding the Domestic Jobs Impacts from Different Methods of Recycling Beverage Containers

December 2011 | While the recycling's impact on jobs has been the subject of several studies in recent years, Returning to Work is the first report to take into account the vital importance of material quality, throughput quantities, processing dynamics and end-user needs to analyze the net gains in domestic jobs when beverage containers are recovered through recycling.By Clarissa Morawski and Jeffrey Morris for the Container Recycling Institute

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by Container Recycling Institute
March 2011

CRI Comments on Natural Logic’s White Paper on EPR for Packaging

Natural Logic recently produced a white paper for the Coca Cola Company that summarizes an industry policy agenda for the next generation of packaging waste management stressing the principle of extended producer responsibility or “EPR.” CRI examines the paper and analyzes some flaws in its approach.

Download PDF, 213KB

By Clarissa Morawski for the Container Recycling Institute
December 2009

Understanding Economic and Environmental Impacts of Single Stream Collection Systems

Using data from industry reports and interviews with recyclers, this report that highlights the economic and environmental impacts of switching to a single-stream system. It also includes ample data showing deposit-return to be one of the most effective collection systems for returning high-quality recycled material.

Download PDF, 213KB

10cent thumbby the Container Recycling Institute
4th edition, updated August 2006

The 10¢ Incentive to Recycle

The 10¢ Incentive to Recycle is intended to set the record straight on bottle bills and waste management by rebutting many of the arguments made by the anti-bottle bill beverage industry lobby. This nineteen page document will educate grassroots activists, policymakers and legislators regarding environmental and economic impacts of incentive-based recycling.

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by Jennifer Gitlitz of the Container Recycling Institute
June 2002

Trashed Cans:The Global Environmental Impacts of Aluminum Can Wasting in America

This report from CRI documents the sharp rise in aluminum can wasting over the last thirty years and draws a detailed picture of the environmental impacts of extracting energy and resources to replace wasted cans. The report presents reasons for the recent decline in aluminum can recycling rates, and suggests bottle bills as one solution to reverse the wasting trend.

Download PDF[1Mb]

A magnifying glass over BMDA databy The Container Recycling Institute
Using most current data available

Beverage Market Data Analysis

The Beverage Market Data Analysis is a comprehensive analysis on the beverage market, beverage container recycling trends, environmental information, and the effects of hypothetical deposit laws. In the form of several Excel spreadsheets, the BMDA places valuable beverage-related data at your fingertips, and it is the only publication that's fully customizable for you. BMDA's can be specially ordered for each of the 50 United States or the entire country, and seven regions.

More information

by the Container Recycling Institute
Summer 2008

Container and Packaging Recycling Update

CRI's newsletter contains current information on states, provinces and countries considering new or expanded bottle bills, as well as other current information on container and package recycling. The most recent issue from Summer 2008 contains the following:

Congressman Markey's bottle bill and climate protection legislation...
The results of a global summit on bottle bills...
Updates on a whopping 18 bottle bill campaigns...
CRI's beverage market research...
...and more!
Download PDF[654kb]

by PwC for DUH

Reuse and Recycling Systems for Selected Beverage Packaging from a Sustainability Perspective

This PwC study compares the relative merits of refillable, container deposit, and "green dot" curbside collection systems. Deposit systems were found to be effective for attaining high recycling rates and high quality materials.

Download Aggregation of Selected, Significant Findings [PDF,74kb]
Download full study (German) [PDF, 9.8MB]



A Clean and Green Vermont

As Vermont strives for a zero waste future, expanding Vermont’s Bottle Bill is the next logical step to increase recycling, prevent litter, enhance local economic activity, and cut costs for government and citizens.

Get Download Link[1.4MB]


The Potential Economic Impact of a Texas Beverage Container Deposit Refund System

The popularity of and need for recycling has increased significantly in recent years. Numerous organizations and municipalities across the country have spent thousands of hours and millions of dollars on efforts to increase recycling rates, and, in fact, rates have steadily risen since 1960.

Download PDF[766KB]

Bommerang Alliance

9 Reasons Why the Next WA Government
Should Adopt a Container Deposit Scheme

This short paper provides a concise explanation of why the next Western Australian Government should adopt a state based container deposit/refund scheme (CDS) – regardless of any deliberations about the merit of a national scheme.

Download PDF[240KB]

Alberta Beverage Container Management Board

Benchmarking Evaluation of Alberta’s Stewardship
Program for Recycling Empty Beverage Containers

A thorough look at Alberta's beverage container deposit system, its successes, and areas for potential improvement. Also includes summaries of deposit programs throughout Canada, the US, and Europe. Produced by Meyers Norris Penny.

Download PDF[1.1MB]

CprUpdate thumbCampaign to Protect Rural England

Have we got the bottle?
Implementing a deposit refund scheme in the UK

The Campaign to Protect Rural England's research for a drinks container deposit scheme covering glass bottles, plastic bottles and cans shows it would cost little to set up, and would generate revenue to support most of its own running costs. The research demonstrates how a scheme would help the Government achieve a ‘Zero Waste’ economy by increasing recycling rates, and reducing litter.

Download PDF[2MB]

Can and Bottle Litter Position Paper coverby Gareth Clubb of Keep Wales Tidy

Can and Bottle Litter position paper

This comprehensive document makes a detailed case for bottle bills as the most effective and economical solution for the problem of beverage container litter. While written to address litter in Wales, the document uses examples from different locales to address numerous issues: The proportion of litter comprised of beverage containers, the environmental and social benefits of a deposit law, the effectiveness of a financial incentive, and the overall economic logic of a deposit-based recycling system. This paper is a must-read for anyone looking for a cohesive argument on the benefits of bottle bills.

Download PDF[747kb]

Can and Bottle Litter Position Paper coverby R3 Consulting and Clarissa Morawski

Evaluating End-of-Life Beverage Container Management Systems for California

This study, which was undertaken to help the government of California improve its beverage container deposit program, compares several recycling systems within California and around the world, including selected deposit-refund programs. Recommendations to improve California's recycling system indicate best practices that can be applied to many recycling systems.

Download PDF[6.3Mb]

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No time to read this whole website?

View the PowerPoint presentation instead. Container Deposit Legislation: Past, Present, Future provides a quick look at the most important facts about bottle bills. This presentation is also a great tool for activists needing to present information in support of a bottle bill.