|Law Summary||THE ECOTAXES ACT OF 1993 would put a tax on non-deposit, non-refillable beverage containers.|
|Date Implemented||Scheduled for January 1, 1993, but delayed indefinitely|
|Containers Covered||All containers which do not fulfill any of the following requirements:
|Amount of Deposit||
7 BEF < 50 cl. (voluntary)
|Fees and Taxes||15 BEF per container, unless the container fulfills any of the exemptions. |
Refillables comprise the following percent of market share:
Belgium has a mandatory tax, called an "ecotax", on beverage containers that are not refilled, as outlined by the 1993 Ecotax Act.  This is not a nationally recognized deposit scheme, however; instead, containers may be exempt from this tax if they have a voluntary deposit put upon them by the manufacturer/producer. The law sets the minimum deposit amount required, and stipulates that, "the collection has to be entirely financed by the producers themselves." 
Although there is no national mandatory deposit scheme, the Wallonia and Brussels Capital Region both have pilot deposit schemes. The Wallonia pilot, which began in 2018, tests out collection by both reverse vending machine (RVM) and manual collection, putting a 5-cent deposit on cans.  The Brussels pilot, beginning in 2019, extends to both cans and plastic bottles.  The Flanders government ruled in 2019 that they would not implement a deposit system until 2023 at the earliest, with municipalities allowed to run their own test programs. 
In 2020, the Belgian government published a coalition agreement which "include[d] the possibility to incorporate a deposit return scheme in the packaging tax during this legislature."  There have been no announced plans since then of a draft deposit legislation.
 "THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF GREEN TAXES: THE BELGIAN EXPERIENCE." De Clercq, M.University of Ghent. September 1994.
 "Wallonia tests bonus scheme for recycling cans." The Bulletin. 24 July 2018.
 "Deposit-return system is a milestone for a cleaner Brussels." Zoete, Tom. Recycling Netwerk Benelux. 18 July 2019.
Last Updated on 14 July 2021.
 "Belgian coalition agreement – Linking a deposit return system to the packaging tax is a smart decision." Zoete, Tom. Recycling Netwerk Benelux. 30 September 2020.