Bottle Bill Resource Guide

Law Summary 2003 Verpakkingsverordening Productschap Dranken ("Packaging Management Decree") 
Date Implemented Enacted in 2004, implemented in 2005
Containers & Beverages Covered

Plastic containers <1 L [1]:

  • Water
  • Soft drinks

Metal cans will be eligible starting from 12/31/2022. [2]

Refundable Deposit 

PET plastic bottles: €0.15 (US $0.28)

Refillable glass beer bottles: €0.10 (US $0.11)

Handling Fees

VBR: 0.06250€ ($0.071) per bottle

Unclaimed Deposits

Retained by producer/importer

Program Success

 

   2013 [3]  2014 [4]  2015 [5]  2016 [6] 2017 [7] 
 Glass  79.8%  80.1%  82.7%  83.7%  84.7%
 Paper & Carboard  88.2%  85.9%  85.4%  87.4%  87.2%
 Plastic  46.6%  50.6%  49.8%  52.3%  50.7%
 Metal  93.1%  93.5%  94.6%  94.7%  94.9%
Total 70.4% 70.5% 71.7% 74.7% 78.0%

 

   2018 [8]  2019 [9]  2020 [10]  2021 [11]  2022 [12]
 Glass  85.9%  88.4%  74-80%  78.9%  78.8%
 Paper & Cardboard  89.1%  90.4%  90.0%  90.4%  89.8%
 Plastic  54.0%  54.2%  46-52%  48.9%  46.8%
 Ferrous Metals  -  -  -  94.3%  95.3%
 Metal  94.8%  95.1%  86-90%  73.3%  70.8%
 Total  80.5%  79.9%  76-78%  76.7%  75.3%

 


Details

Previously, the deposit system in the Netherlands is voluntary; producers and importers are not required to register bottles in the deposit system. Some retailers have elected to establish their own deposit system; Aldi partially refunds deposits, and Lidi does not reimburse deposits. [13] According to the Netherlands Return Packaging Foundation (Stichting Retourverpakkingen NL), only one company was using refillable PET bottles as of late 2018. [14]

The Netherlands Ministry of Environment announced that the deposit scheme would become mandatory. It will be expanded to small PET bottles (less than 1 liter) by July 2021 and aluminum cans by December 2022. Previously, only plastic containers up to 0.8 liters containing water and soft drinks were accepted. [15] The deposit is €0.15 with a collection target goal of 90%. [16]

The system uses return-to-retail. About 11% of redemption is manual, and 89% uses automated systems (reverse vending machines/RVMs). [17]

One-way glass is recycled at drop-off sites; the recycling rate is estimated at 88%. Steel cans are removed from municipal solid waste prior to incineration.

 

Footnotes

[1] "Dutch introduce 15 cent deposits on small plastic drinks bottles from 2021." DutchNews. April 25, 2020.

[2] "Dutch environmental movement welcomes deposit return system for beverage cans." Recycling Network Benelux. February 3, 2021.

[3] "Monitoring Verpakkingen Resultaten inzameling en recycling 2014." Afvalfonds Verpakkingen. Last accessed September 20, 2023.

[4] "Monitoring Verpakkingen Resultaten inzameling en recycling 2015." Afvalfonds Verpakkingen. Last accessed September 20, 2023.

[5] "Monitoring Verpakkingen Resultaten inzameling en recycling 2016." Afvalfonds Verpakkingen. Last accessed September 20, 2023.

[6] "Monitoring Verpakkingen Resultaten inzameling en recycling 2017." Afvalfonds Verpakkingen. Last accessed September 20, 2023.

[7] "Monitoring Verpakkingen Resultaten inzameling en recycling 2018." Afvalfonds Verpakkingen. Last accessed September 20, 2023.

[8] "Monitoring Verpakkingen Resultaten inzameling en recycling 2019." Afvalfonds Verpakkingen. Last accessed September 20, 2023.

[9] "Monitoring Verpakkingen Resultaten inzameling en recycling 2020." Afvalfonds Verpakkingen. Last accessed September 20, 2023.

[10] Ibid.

[11] "Toelichting op het Verslagleggingsformulier Recycling Verpakkingen Resultaten recycling verpakkingen 2021." Afvalfonds Verpakkingen. Last accessed September 20, 2023.

[12] "Toelichting op het Verslagleggingsformulier Recycling Verpakkingen Resultaten recycling verpakkingen 2022." Afvalfonds Verpakkingen. Last accessed September 20, 2023.

[13]  Personal communication from Raymond Gianotten, Retourverpakking, December 13, 2018 (RG 2018).

[14]  "Sorteren." Retourverpakking, last accessed February 2020.

[15]  Ibid.

[16] "Global Deposit Book 2020: An Overview of Deposit Systems for One-Way Beverage Containers." Reloop Inc. December 15, 2020.

[17] "Statiegeld op blik een feit." Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management, February 3, 2021. Translated through personal correspondence with Wolfgang Ringel, TOMRA Systems.

 

Last Updated on September 20, 2023.

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